How the 40 Hour Work Week Came to be.
In the year 1890, employees would spend even a hundred hours a week. The employees at this time only had the time to work and no time for them to pay attention to themselves or their families. In Wales is where everything to do with the eight hour a day for five days system started. Robert Owen in 1817 came up with the idea of dividing a day into three parts that would work just well for both the employees and the employers. Each part consisted of eight hours. Each part here had its own function as the first part was for work, the other for recreational purposes and the other for resting. The Europeans were not up for this idea but with some years the idea spread to many and became popular in the United States.
In 1866, the National Labor Union asked for the eight hours of work a day to be passed as a law but they did not succeed but it did bring attentiveness to the issue. Even after the law of the eight hour work day was passed, it was not complete as it required people to would sign contracts for working and having more hours added to their working hours and this made the employees to go on a strike. The day of this strike was then called the May Day. Government workers got lucky as the eight hour workday became effective in 1869 in their working areas and had stable wages. Other unions were still fighting for the eight hour workday for all employees in the 1870s and 1880s. There was the announcement of a national strike in 1886 where so many employees turned out to show how much they wanted this. In 1906, the government workers helped to print the eight hour workday system in the papers for people to see. The Ford Motor Company pretended to make the eight hour system effective. The railway employees were able to work for the eight hours a day.
People started striking due to the places they work in not implementing the eight hour system while others are. Eventually, in 1926, the Ford Motor Company was able to make the 40 hour work week effective. A strike that was done by the General Motor Company was as a result of bad employee treatment and it took place in the year 1937. There was only a reduction of hours even after the strike and they were not eight hours. In 1938, the Fair Labor Standards Acts was signed by President Franklin Delano which stated that workers should work for only 44 hours a week. The eight hour workday has proven to be beneficial to people as they no longer strike complaining about working hours and it became effective in 1940, on 24th October as you can find out when you click our website.